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The main programming paradigms  

2015-07-14 00:57:07|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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I.  The four main programming paradigms

       The four main programmin paradigms which will be treated in additional details in Chapter 2 will be listed below. We identify four main programming paradigms and a number of minor programming paradigms. It may very well be a matter of taste if some of the additional programming paradigms, which we also mention below, should be considered as main programming paradigms as well.

        In the concept definition below, we characterize a main programming paradigm in terms of an idea and a basic discipline.

        A main programming paradigm stems an idea within some basic discipline which is relevant for performing computations.

        Main programming paradigms

   The imperative paradigm
   The functional paradigm
   The logical paradigm
   The object-oriented paradigm

        Other possible programming paradigms

    The visual paradigm
    One of the parallel paradigms
    The constraint based paradigm


1.  The imperative paradigm

        The term 'Imperative' means expressing a command or plea. In other words, asking for something to be done. As a noun, an imperative is a command or an order. Some programming languages, such as the object oriented language Beta, uses the word 'imperative' for commands in the language.

        First do this and next do that.

The 'first do this, next do that' is the short phrase which really in a nutshell describes the spirit of the imperative paradigm.
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